9 Kenny Rabin
9 Kenny Rabin
Height: 6-0
Year: Sr.
Hometown: Mill Valley, Calif.
High School: Branson
Position: IF
Major: Mathematics
Bats/Throws: R/R
gp 40
avg .288
hr 3
rbi 24
r 31
sb 1

At Pomona-Pitzer: Completed his senior season as a member of the Pomona-Pitzer Baseball team, where he was an infielder, primarily second base.

2015: Started 40 games for the Sagehens at second base...Batted .288 with three homers and 24 RBI...Was 2-for-3 with four runs scored in a win over Puget Sound...Was 2-for-3 with a three-run homer and four RBI in a win over La Verne, while batting 5-for-9 in the three-game series with the Leopards...Had a 13-game hitting streak...Was 3-for-4 with a homer and two RBI in a Senior Day win over CMS.

2014: Emerged as a regular starter at second base for the Sagehens, appearing in 26 games...Batted .390 with a homer and 16 RBI.

2013: Appeared in three games, including one start, batting 1-for-6 overall on the season...Made his first start against No. 6 Ithaca, and was 1-for-4 with two RBI in a win....Followed that up with a 4-for-5 effort with a homer against Chapman...Also batted 4-for-5 with an RBI in an extra-inning loss to La Verne...Hit 7-for-11 in a three-game series with Occidental, including 4-for-4 with three RBI in the finale...Closed out the year with a 2-for-4 game against Redlands.

2012: Had two pinch-hit appearances on the year, and was a perfect 2-for-2, including an RBI against Caltech.

High School: Attended Branson High School in Ross, California, where he played baseball and basketball…A first-team all-league selection as a senior, after hitting .397 (with wood bats)…Finished third in the league in batting average as a sophomore at .452, as well as second in doubles with 11…Starting guard on the Northern California champion basketball team and state runner-up…AP Scholar in the classroom…Also played club ball with the Bay Area Warriors, NorCal Baseball and Headfirst Gamers.

Personal: Attending Pomona College, where he majors in mathematics…Has two brothers…Both parents are physicians…Lists Lobe Bryant and Robinson Cano as his favorite athletes…Angels and Demons is his favorite book and American Beauty and Fight Club are his favorite movies…Lists Ken Jennings (74-time Jeopardy champion) as the public figure he most admires.

Recent Games
Apr 22 at Whittier W, 11-1
Apr 25 at Chapman W, 8-3
Apr 26 Redlands L, 9-7
Apr 26 Claremont-M-S W, 13-11
May 1 at Redlands L, 10-4
May 2 Cal Lutheran L, 10-0
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 40 27
Plate appearances 159 103
At Bats 139 90
Runs 31 20
Hits 40 25
Doubles 9 7
Triples - -
Home Runs 3 3
Runs Batted In 24 20
Total bases 58 41
Walks 12 7
Hit by pitch 4 3
Strikeouts 21 13
Sacrifice Flies - -
Sacrifice Hits 4 3
Hit into double play 3 2
Stolen Bases 1 -
Caught Stealing - -
Batting Average .288 .278
On Base Percentage .361 .350
Slugging Percentage .417 .456
Appearances 0 0
Games started 0 0
Wins 0 0
Losses 0 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 0.0
Hits - -
Runs - -
Earned Runs - -
Walks - -
Strikeouts - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 .00
Doubles Allowed - -
Triples Allowed - -
Home Runs Allows - -
At Bats Against - -
Batting Average Against - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 0.00
Wild pitches - -
Hit Batters - -
Balks - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - -
Total Chances 148 98
Put Outs 60 43
Assists 84 53
Errors 4 2
Fielding Percentage .973 .980
Double Plays 16 9
Stolen Bases Allowed - -
Runners Caught Stealing - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - -
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 6 Puget Sound L, 9-4 5 1 2 1 - - 0 - 1 - -
Feb 7 Whitworth W, 9-8 5 1 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 7 Whitworth L, 10-2 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Feb 8 Puget Sound W, 19-17 3 4 2 - - - 0 2 - - -
Feb 13 Claremont-M-S W, 13-3 3 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 10-6 3 2 2 - - - 1 1 1 - -
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 15-13 4 2 1 1 - - 3 1 1 - -
Feb 18 Bates W, 9-6 4 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 20 at Redlands L, 5-2 4 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 21 Redlands W, 12-8 5 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Feb 21 Redlands W, 3-0 4 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 27 Whittier W, 11-1 3 1 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 13-0 4 3 3 1 - - 2 - - - -
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 6-2 5 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 8 Ithaca W, 5-2 4 0 2 1 - - 0 - 1 1 -
Mar 9 Ithaca W, 7-0 4 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 13 at La Verne L, 12-3 3 0 1 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 14 La Verne L, 8-1 3 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 14 La Verne W, 17-3 3 3 2 - - 1 4 2 - - -
Mar 16 Spalding W, 11-4 5 1 1 - - - 2 - 1 - -
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) W, 9-6 3 0 1 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 9-2 4 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 23 MIT W, 14-4 4 2 1 - - - 1 1 1 - -
Mar 27 Occidental W, 9-0 5 1 1 1 - - 1 - 1 - -
Mar 28 at Occidental W, 9-1 4 1 1 - - 1 1 - 1 - -
Mar 28 at Occidental L, 5-4 5 1 1 1 - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 3 at Cal Lutheran L, 13-2 2 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran W, 8-4 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran L, 14-5 2 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 10 Chapman L, 16-3 3 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 at Caltech W, 29-4 3 1 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 18 Caltech W, 13-0 3 1 1 1 - - 1 - - - -
Apr 18 Caltech W, 16-0 2 0 1 - - - 2 1 - - -
Apr 22 at Whittier W, 11-1 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 25 at Chapman W, 8-3 4 1 1 1 - - 2 - - - -
Apr 26 Redlands L, 9-7 4 0 1 1 - - 0 - - - -
Apr 26 Claremont-M-S W, 13-11 4 1 3 - - 1 2 - - - -
May 1 at Redlands L, 10-4 1 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
May 2 Cal Lutheran L, 10-0 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 6 Puget Sound L, 9-4 - - - 3 1 - 1 1 1.00 5
Feb 7 Whitworth W, 9-8 - - - 1 0 1 2 1 2.00 5
Feb 7 Whitworth L, 10-2 - - 1 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Feb 8 Puget Sound W, 19-17 1 - - 2 0 - - - - 6
Feb 13 Claremont-M-S W, 13-3 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 10-6 - - 1 2 0 - 1 - - 5
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 15-13 - - - 2 1 - 1 1 1.00 5
Feb 18 Bates W, 9-6 - - - 1 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Feb 20 at Redlands L, 5-2 - - - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Feb 21 Redlands W, 12-8 - - - 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Feb 21 Redlands W, 3-0 - - - 1 0 1 2 1 2.00 4
Feb 27 Whittier W, 11-1 - - - 1 0 - - - - 3
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 13-0 - - - 4 1 - 1 - - 4
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 6-2 - - - 0 0 - - 4 - 5
Mar 8 Ithaca W, 5-2 - - - 3 1 - 1 - - 4
Mar 9 Ithaca W, 7-0 - - - 2 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 13 at La Verne L, 12-3 - - - 1 0 - - - - 3
Mar 14 La Verne L, 8-1 1 - - 2 0 - - 1 - 4
Mar 14 La Verne W, 17-3 - - - 5 1 1 1 - - 5
Mar 16 Spalding W, 11-4 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 5
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) W, 9-6 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 4
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 9-2 - - - 1 0 - 3 - - 4
Mar 23 MIT W, 14-4 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 5
Mar 27 Occidental W, 9-0 - - - 2 1 - 1 1 1.00 5
Mar 28 at Occidental W, 9-1 - - - 4 1 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 28 at Occidental L, 5-4 - - - 2 1 - 1 2 0.50 5
Apr 3 at Cal Lutheran L, 13-2 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran W, 8-4 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 3
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran L, 14-5 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 2
Apr 10 Chapman L, 16-3 1 - - 0 0 - - 3 - 4
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 at Caltech W, 29-4 1 - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 18 Caltech W, 13-0 - - - 2 1 - - 2 - 3
Apr 18 Caltech W, 16-0 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 3
Apr 22 at Whittier W, 11-1 - - 2 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Apr 25 at Chapman W, 8-3 - - - 2 1 - 3 - - 4
Apr 26 Redlands L, 9-7 - - - 2 1 - 2 1 2.00 4
Apr 26 Claremont-M-S W, 13-11 - - - 6 1 - - - - 4
May 1 at Redlands L, 10-4 - - - 1 0 - - - - 1
May 2 Cal Lutheran L, 10-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 6 Puget Sound L, 9-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 7 Whitworth W, 9-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 7 Whitworth L, 10-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 8 Puget Sound W, 19-17 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 13 Claremont-M-S W, 13-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 10-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 15-13 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 18 Bates W, 9-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 20 at Redlands L, 5-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 21 Redlands W, 12-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 21 Redlands W, 3-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 27 Whittier W, 11-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 13-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 6-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 Ithaca W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 Ithaca W, 7-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 13 at La Verne L, 12-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 14 La Verne L, 8-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 14 La Verne W, 17-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 Spalding W, 11-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) W, 9-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 9-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 MIT W, 14-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 27 Occidental W, 9-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 28 at Occidental W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 28 at Occidental L, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 3 at Cal Lutheran L, 13-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran W, 8-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran L, 14-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 10 Chapman L, 16-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 at Caltech W, 29-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 18 Caltech W, 13-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 18 Caltech W, 16-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 22 at Whittier W, 11-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 25 at Chapman W, 8-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 26 Redlands L, 9-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 26 Claremont-M-S W, 13-11 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 1 at Redlands L, 10-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 2 Cal Lutheran L, 10-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 6 Puget Sound L, 9-4 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 7 Whitworth W, 9-8 4 2 1 1 .750 - - - - - -
Feb 7 Whitworth L, 10-2 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 8 Puget Sound W, 19-17 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 13 Claremont-M-S W, 13-3 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 10-6 7 1 6 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 14 at Claremont-M-S W, 15-13 7 2 4 1 .857 - - - - - -
Feb 18 Bates W, 9-6 6 2 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 20 at Redlands L, 5-2 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 21 Redlands W, 12-8 8 4 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 21 Redlands W, 3-0 3 2 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 27 Whittier W, 11-1 3 0 3 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 13-0 5 3 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 28 at Whittier W, 6-2 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 8 Ithaca W, 5-2 3 1 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 9 Ithaca W, 7-0 7 2 5 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
Mar 13 at La Verne L, 12-3 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 14 La Verne L, 8-1 8 4 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 14 La Verne W, 17-3 3 2 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 16 Spalding W, 11-4 4 0 4 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) W, 9-6 5 2 2 1 .800 - - - - - -
Mar 20 Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 9-2 5 4 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 23 MIT W, 14-4 4 1 3 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 27 Occidental W, 9-0 4 1 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 28 at Occidental W, 9-1 5 2 3 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 28 at Occidental L, 5-4 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Cal Lutheran L, 13-2 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran W, 8-4 4 2 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 4 Cal Lutheran L, 14-5 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 10 Chapman L, 16-3 4 2 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 11 at Chapman W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 at Caltech W, 29-4 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 18 Caltech W, 13-0 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 18 Caltech W, 16-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 22 at Whittier W, 11-1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Chapman W, 8-3 5 1 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 26 Redlands L, 9-7 5 3 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 26 Claremont-M-S W, 13-11 2 1 0 1 .500 - - - - - -
May 1 at Redlands L, 10-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 2 Cal Lutheran L, 10-0 4 2 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2011-12 2 2 1 2 - - - 1 - - - - 1.000 1.000 1.000
2012-13 3 6 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - - .167 .286 .167
2013-14 26 82 22 32 6 - 1 16 5 6 - - .390 .425 .500
2014-15 40 139 31 40 9 - 3 24 12 21 1 - .288 .361 .417
Total 71 229 55 75 15 - 4 41 18 27 1 - .328 .386 .445
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2011-12 2 - - - 2 0 - - - - 2
2012-13 3 - - - 1 0 - 2 2 1.00 7
2013-14 26 - - - 41 7 2 15 26 0.58 87
2014-15 40 4 - 4 58 12 3 34 40 0.85 159
Total 71 4 - 4 102 19 5 51 68 0.75 255
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2011-12 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2012-13 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2013-14 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2014-15 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2011-12 2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
2012-13 3 5 1 2 2 .600 - - - - - -
2013-14 26 89 39 45 5 .944 12 - - - - -
2014-15 40 148 60 84 4 .973 16 - - - - -
Total 71 242 100 131 11 .955 28 - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 40 139 31 40 9 - 3 24 12 21 1 - .288 .361 .417
Conference 27 90 20 25 7 - 3 20 7 13 - - .278 .350 .456
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-
Home 26 95 19 27 5 - 2 15 9 13 1 - .284 .364 .400
Away 14 44 12 13 4 - 1 9 3 8 - - .295 .354 .455
Neutral - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-
Wins 27 96 27 29 6 - 3 24 11 15 1 - .302 .385 .458
Losses 13 43 4 11 3 - - 0 1 6 - - .256 .304 .326
-
February 14 55 15 15 3 - - 8 6 9 - - .273 .355 .327
March 12 47 11 16 3 - 2 9 4 9 1 - .340 .404 .532
April 12 32 5 8 3 - 1 7 2 2 - - .250 .333 .438
May 2 5 0 1 - - - 0 - 1 - - .200 .200 .200
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 40 4 - 4 58 12 3 34 40 0.85 159
Conference 27 3 - 3 41 10 2 23 28 0.82 103
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
-
Home 26 3 - 1 38 7 3 21 28 0.75 108
Away 14 1 - 3 20 5 - 13 12 1.08 51
Neutral - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
-
Wins 27 2 - 3 44 9 3 23 24 0.96 112
Losses 13 2 - 1 14 3 - 11 16 0.69 47
-
February 14 1 - 2 18 3 2 15 16 0.94 64
March 12 1 - - 25 5 1 9 9 1.00 52
April 12 2 - 2 14 4 - 9 13 0.69 38
May 2 - - - 1 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
May 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 40 148 60 84 4 .973 16 - - - - -
Conference 27 98 43 53 2 .980 9 - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
-
Home 26 101 40 58 3 .970 13 - - - - -
Away 14 47 20 26 1 .979 3 - - - - -
Neutral - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
-
Wins 27 101 35 62 4 .960 11 - - - - -
Losses 13 47 25 22 0 1.000 5 - - - - -
-
February 14 57 22 33 2 .965 4 - - - - -
March 12 55 26 28 1 .982 7 - - - - -
April 12 32 10 21 1 .969 4 - - - - -
May 2 4 2 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -